Your Ultimate Guide to Fishing in Russia – Part I

Studying Time: 9 minutes

Russia – the land of eternal extremes. That is the most important nation on this planet, with the world’s greatest freshwater lake, and the coldest inhabitable place on the planet. And that is simply the tip of the iceberg (pun supposed). There are numerous methods through which this huge nation is exclusive, every extra spectacular than the final. It’s hardly a shock, then, that fishing in Russia is nothing wanting extraordinary.

Not solely is Russia residence to Lake Baikal and over two million rivers, it additionally boasts entry to a few oceans (the Pacific, Arctic, and Atlantic), 12 seas, and the Caspian Sea. It’s no shock, then, that round 30 million Russians are eager anglers.

The offshore waters of Russia are reserved for business fishing. Due to this fact, the playgrounds of leisure anglers are distant rivers, enormous lakes, and crystal-clear streams. And what a playground it’s!

Fishermen from everywhere in the world come to Russia to check their abilities and catch their lot of native species. Sportfishing doesn’t actually enter the Russian vocabulary, as many of the fish you catch, you’ll eat to your subsequent meal. It’s all about having fun with the fruits of your exhausting work, and Russians know do it proper.

Prime Catches in Russia

There are a lot of the explanation why fishing in Russia is so widespread, and the big range of species on supply is on the very prime of the checklist. This is likely one of the few nations the place you possibly can goal each Atlantic and Pacific Salmon – and that’s only for starters.

A few of the greatest Trout fisheries on this planet are proper right here, to not point out Northern Pike galore, and different freshwater species in all styles and sizes. Come right here to battle unique fish like Taimen Trout and keep for the intoxicating thrill of the Salmon chunk.

However possibly you don’t know what to anticipate and the place to begin, and that’s okay. Right here’s an summary of probably the most prized fish in Russia that each locals and vacationers love to focus on.

Our Story Begins with Salmon

Salmon, in all its selection and glory, is likely one of the favourite catches in Russia, if not THE favourite. Go to the north of the nation and also you’ll come face-to-gills with the battle-ready Atlantic Salmon.

Need extra selection? The Far East is your vacation spot, the place all 5 species of Pacific Salmon come to spawn in the summertime.

Atlantic Salmon

In the event you’re going Salmon fishing in Russia, chances are high, you’ll be going after Atlantic Salmon on the Kola Peninsula. Yow will discover Salmon within the Northern Atlantic, in addition to within the western Arctic Ocean. Each the White and the Barents Sea have a superb inhabitants of this scrumptious fish. Salmon come to the pristine and distant rivers of the north in early spring (April–Might), as quickly because the ice has thawed. That is the prime time to hit the water!

There’s additionally a fall run in September, however the fish will be rather more inconsistent then. Generally, you possibly can catch Atlantic Salmon anytime from April by mid-October, you simply have to know the place to go.

How huge the fish are will depend on the 12 months and your luck, so the load of your prey will be wherever from 8–50 kilos. You’ll hear from native outfitters that every river has its personal character and, to search out fish, you must know it.

The rule of thumb is that you must select high quality or amount. You’ll be able to both go after your subsequent trophy or determine to catch a load of smaller fish, however you’ll not often be capable of do each on the identical physique of water.

It’s necessary to notice that, in Russia, fishing for Atlantic Salmon often means going off into the wild. And this isn’t an journey you must tackle alone.

If you wish to discover the untamed components of Murmansk, you’ll want knowledgeable information with you always. Whereas the character of Northern Russia is as stunning as it may be, it is usually unforgiving to the inexperienced. Fortunately, there are many outfitters on the Kola that set up multi-day expeditions with all the things you want included within the value.

Pacific Salmon

In the event you thought you possibly can catch each Atlantic and Pacific Salmon solely on the continent of North America, suppose once more. Enterprise to the Far East of Russia, and on the coasts of the Kamchatka Peninsula and Sakhalin Island, you’ll discover an abundance of all 5 Pacific Salmon. The Khabarovsk space, proper on the Amur River and really near the Chinese language border, is one other Salmon-rich habitat.

Kamchatka, particularly, is understood for its numerous Salmon inhabitants and is likely one of the world’s best-protected ecosystems. In the event you’re questioning how productive fishing is, nicely, about 30% of the world’s Pacific Salmon collect on this space. From the ocean and close by seas, they enter the rivers on their option to the spawning grounds.

Chinook, Coho, Chum (Keta), Pink, and Sockeye (Cherry) Salmon, in addition to Steelhead, are all there, and lunkers within the 30–40 pound vary are quite common.

You’ll be able to goal Pacific Salmon from June by October, although completely different species often come at completely different instances. This is likely one of the many the explanation why having an area information is so necessary. Not solely will they discover the right fishing spot within the wilderness, however they’ll enable you match the timing of your journey to the Salmon’s excessive season.

Salmon You Would possibly Not Know About

Within the waters of the Caspian Sea, you will discover Caspian Salmon, a smaller cousin to Atlantic Salmon.

The fisheries within the north and east are by far the preferred, however there’s extra. It’s also possible to discover unique Salmon subspecies in among the nation’s greatest waterways.

Within the greatest landlocked physique of water on the planet, the Caspian Sea, you will discover endemic Caspian Salmon. To get the perfect chunk, you must go to the delta of Volga River, or solid your line in Samur, Kura, and Terek rivers. Caspian Salmon are smaller than their Atlantic family members and might weigh wherever from 5–30 kilos.

Additionally, Lakes Ladoga and Onega have their very own landlocked lake Salmon, that’s been a long-time favourite catch of the locals. These fellas have spent their lives within the lake, and often weigh round 6–10 kilos, although you possibly can hook 20-pounders on a superb day.

Trout Fishing in All Its Glory

Russians love their Trout! Yow will discover Lake, Brook, and Rainbow Trout in numerous components of the nation. There’s additionally a subspecies referred to as Taimen Trout (Siberian Large Trout or Siberian Salmon) that are available in spectacular sizes and beautiful colours.

Every of the species has its personal most well-liked habitat, however most of them you possibly can goal from Might–October. Each Lakers and Brookies will be discovered throughout Russia, whereas Rainbows dwell within the Far East.

You’ll discover Lake Trout within the chilly waters of Lakes Ladoga and Onega, and in mountain lakes of the Republic of Karelia. Brook and Lake Trout typically share rivers and streams within the wild. For a blended bag of Trout, the Kola Peninsula is a superb place to begin. Whether or not it’s spinning or fly fishing, you’re going to have a blast reeling these beauties in.

Yow will discover a superb quantity of Brook Trout within the Black Sea, they usually’re often larger than their freshwater brethren. Sea-run Trout can typically weigh as much as 20 kilos, whereas Brookies and Lakers in rivers and streams don’t go over 5–10 kilos.

Taimen Trout

In the event you’re on the lookout for a brand new fish to place in your bucket checklist, Taimen Trout must be it. Different names for this fish are Siberian Large Trout and Siberian Salmon, and you will discover them in Southern Siberia. Taimen are the most important Salmon on the planet, and they’re the last word catch of fly anglers.

Seeing that these giants will be as much as 5 ft lengthy and weigh over 100 kilos, touchdown one on the fly is an unbelievable feat. Russians are loopy about Taimen and there are outfitters in Siberia that dedicate multi-day expeditions to chasing these mammoths.

Taimen are apex predators of the rivers they dwell in, and on prime of that, they’re very territorial. This makes it troublesome for anglers to search out them – they don’t wish to be shut to one another. There’s a superb cause why they’re typically referred to as “the river wolf” by the locals. Taimen have a singular method of taking the bait – they may first strike the bait with their highly effective tails, stun it, after which flip to swallow it.

Mature Taimen are quick, sturdy, they usually’ll battle you with all the things they’ve acquired. All these qualities landed them the title of probably the most prized catch.

The most effective time to go after Taimen Trout is often within the spring, not lengthy after their spawning season. In summer season, they turn out to be extra torpid due to the warmth, however the chunk tends to select up in fall. September is often a really productive month as a result of Taimen are famished and able to pounce.

Some say that there’s no higher fly fishing expertise than having a Taimen Trout on the road. Nicely, there’s just one option to discover out!

Who doesn’t like Northern Pike?

If persistence isn’t your sturdy swimsuit, there are many fish on the market you can goal all 12 months. Probably the most widespread selections is Northern Pike – a hard-fighting, scrumptious fish, energetic year-round.

Whereas most different fish hibernate in the course of the lengthy, freezing winter, Pike aren’t that simply scared off. You’ll be able to goal these toothy critters within the useless of winter, whereas ice fishing, and have a really productive outing. That is excellent news for anglers who don’t let below-zero temperatures get in the way in which of their ardour.

The most effective time to go after Pike is a few weeks after their spawning, often in direction of the tip of Might and starting of June. Throughout this time, you’ll discover them nearer to shore and within the backwaters, as a result of that’s the place the ice melts first.

Pike are actually at their hungriest and they’re going to gobble down absolutely anything you throw their method. Pike’s urge for food doesn’t maintain out for too lengthy although, just for about two weeks.

After that, it’s summertime. Pike turn out to be a lot much less energetic, and also you’ll often discover smaller fish in your line. That every one adjustments in September and October, when the fish turn out to be ravenous and begin preparing for the winter. And within the final months of the 12 months, you possibly can nonetheless take pleasure in glorious Pike fishing, so long as you will discover the place they’re underneath the ice.

One other beloved member of the Pike household is Amur Pike that lives in Sakhalin, and sports activities black spots that set it aside from Northern Pike.

Get Me Some Zander!

Zander is by far some of the widespread fish in Russia and, for those who’re an angler, you’ve in all probability caught this fish a number of instances. It additionally occurs to be very fashionable amongst each freshmen and seasoned fishers as a result of it’s very tasty. You’ll be able to goal all of them 12 months, even throughout winter, which provides to its already important attraction.

The most effective time to fish for Zander is throughout their spring run. That is when the fish will hand around in shallow waters, on the lookout for meals. You’ll be able to land specimens starting from 5–10 kilos, although there are 20- and 30-pounders on the market as nicely. They reply nicely to each dwell bait and a wide range of lures, particularly throughout spring.

In the event you discover the place baitfish are congregating in summer season, you’ll discover Zander. Motion is much less constant than in spring, however these fellas love heat water, so there’s loads of fish to catch. In the event you’re set on fishing for Zander within the fall, evening fishing is your best choice and it’ll repay.

Because the winter approaches, you’ll discover Zander in deep waters, near the underside, the place they disguise to remain heat. Ice fishing for Zander is likely one of the favourite pastimes in Russia as a result of it’s productive and it guarantees scrumptious dinner within the close to future.

Have Some Perch!

Right here’s one other forever-hungry fish you can goal year-round in Russian waters. Yow will discover Perch in most rivers and, though they’re often fairly small, you possibly can typically land fish that weigh 6–8 kilos. These predators love to hang around in deep holes and like deeper waters as their playground.

The rule of thumb is that for those who discover one Perch, you’ll discover many round it. Since they transfer in colleges, you’ve got a superb likelihood of touchdown loads of fish for dinner. The most effective time to go after Perch is in early spring and after the primary ice of the 12 months units in.

These grasping devils are very energetic in the course of the winter months, which makes ice fishing for all of them the extra thrilling. Perch is likely one of the the explanation why you possibly can see lots of anglers on the ice, ready for that tug from the deep. Motion can also be good after spawning, which occurs at completely different instances in numerous components of Russia (from February to Might).

As a result of they’re so ever-present, Perch are among the many commonest catches in Russia. It helps rather a lot that they make for a superb meal, which makes anglers all of the extra motivated to pursue them.

And that is just the start…

We’ve had an summary of all the favourite species Russians wish to catch, however this simply to get you warmed up.

If you wish to study extra about the perfect angling locations in Russia, in addition to particulars about mandatory fishing licenses and paperwork, learn Half II of the “Fishing in Russia” collection. On the subject of this huge nation, there’s all the time extra to study, so keep tuned!

Have you ever ever been fishing in Russia? What are your impressions? What would you advise your fellow fishermen? Share your tales within the remark part beneath!

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